LONDON/STIRLING (Reuters) – The British government will publish a draft law on Thursday underpinning the biggest transfer of powers to Scotland in over a decade, keeping a promise it gave to Scots to encourage them to reject independence last year.
The law, to be enacted after a May 7 general election, will further dismantle Britain’s highly centralised system of government, a move critics fear could trigger the beginning of the end of the United Kingdom.
It has already spurred demands from some politicians for similar moves in England, Wales and Northern Ireland, teeing up political uncertainty and heralding an eventual redistribution of power in the world’s sixth largest economy.
Under the law, Scotland, which voted to reject full-blown independence in September, will be able to set income tax rates, have some influence over welfare spending, and be given the authority to decide how the Scottish parliament and other structures are elected and run.
The draft law will be formally unveiled at the British parliament in London on Thursday, with Prime Minister David Cameron set to visit Scotland, which already enjoys a large measure of autonomy, to promote the bill.
Britian’s main political parties have agreed to pass the legislation regardless of who wins the forthcoming election.
“The leaders of the other main political parties and I promised extensive new powers for the Scottish Parliament – a vow – with a clear process and timetable,” Cameron will say, according to advance extracts released by his office.
“We said draft legislation would be published by Burns Night (January 25) – and here we are, three days before the celebrations start, with those clauses before us.”
Although the law is backed by the pro-independence Scottish National Party (SNP), it has also complained that it doesn’t go far enough. It has also questioned if it will reach the statute book, despite assurances from London-based parties.
“A big issue in the (election) campaign will be making sure it’s delivered, because unfortunately Scotland’s been round and round here before,” Steven Paterson, an SNP candidate for Stirling, told Reuters.