| Jo Biddle |
WASHINGTON (AFP) – When he died, Yasser Arafat, arguably still the most recognisable face of the Palestinian cause, had been largely dismissed by the United States as an obstacle to peace after walking away from a deal with Israel.
Yet 10 years on and despite an intensive US-brokered diplomatic drive, an end to the decades-long Israeli-Palestinian conflict remains as elusive as ever.
“The reality with Arafat, you couldn’t do the deal with him and obviously you couldn’t do the deal without him. And that is the key paradox,” said Aaron David Miller, a former advisor to six US secretaries of state.In death as in life, the wily former guerilla in his trademark keffiyeh scarf has loomed large over the Palestinian people and their protracted search for a homeland.
Analysts highlight that it was Arafat who first agreed to a two-state solution under which a Palestinian state would live side by side with Israel.
And it was Arafat, throwing political caution to the wind, who in September 1993 shook hands with then Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin on the White House lawn, watched by a smiling president Bill Clinton.
“He cannot be simply put into this category as an obstacle or problem because without him we would not have had any agreement at all, no negotiations,” insisted Hussein Ibish, a senior fellow with the American Task Force on Palestine.
In the years after that heady handshake, talks limped along in different guises and the violence continued until the fateful 2000 Camp David summit.
By cloistering Arafat away with then Israeli leader Ehud Barak in the secluded retreat, Clinton had hoped he would cajole the two sides to make a deal.
But in the end Arafat walked away, fearing he would be giving up too many of the thorniest demands, including the right of return. Only months later the second intifada, or Palestinian uprising, broke out.
“We weren’t tough enough, we weren’t reassuring enough, we weren’t strategic enough. But more to the point, neither were the Israeli or Palestinian leaders,” Miller told AFP.
Now a vice president with the Wilson Center, Miller took part in the Camp David talks, and in 2004 was one of the last US officials to see Arafat alive before he was evacuated to Paris for treatment, in vain.